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化学 发现与创造的科学

出版日期:2011-03  ISBN:978-7-03-030274-8  丛书:中国科学院科学与社会系列报告  中图法分类:G322 
内容提要

Chemistry is the science of study on the structures,properties and conversion processes of material,it's more of a discipline that creates new substances and explores new applications,it's a connecting link between the preceding and the following,and it,jointly with mathematics,physics and biology,constitutes the base of natural science.① A general survey of the development of chemistry gets the following enlightenment:establishment and perfection of chemical theory drive the development of chemistry subjects;chemistry is the central science that brings about invention and creation of great significance,a science that endows people with abilities,and the key to the material world;chemistry supports sustainable development of human society,and guides the progress in related science and technology.② The status of chemistry development in China,viewed from data:the output of papers exhibits fast growth trend,and its international academic impact advances step by step;chemistry has become our country's superior discipline.③ Development tendency of chemistry:Firstly,chemistry will extend in the direction of larger range and deeper layering,and,for one,understanding at atomic and molecular levels will be more thorough.Secondly,the study on complex chemical system with interaction between multilevel molecules will be more systematic.Thirdly,on the basis of creating new molecules and new materials,functionality will be more emphasized.

一、世界处在新科技革命前夜,各国更加重视科技创新

来自《2011科学发展报告》作者:中国科学院  ISBN:978-7-03-030274-8 

当今世界,经济竞争、社会进步、人民富裕和国家安全都高度依赖科技创新。科技已经成为推动引领经济社会发展的主导力量和保障国家安全的核心要素。近现代史表明,科技的重大创新与突破,都会极大...... [更多]

二、突破关键核心技术,提高我国产业竞争力

来自《2011科学发展报告》作者:中国科学院  ISBN:978-7-03-030274-8 

国际金融危机加快了全球产业结构调整,一批战略性新兴产业快速崛起,全球科技与产业竞争更加激烈。在世界多极化、经济全球化深入发展的同时,贸易保护主义、绿色壁垒、技术壁垒更加突出,知识产...... [更多]

三、面向未来,前瞻部署,引领和支撑我国可持续发展

来自《2011科学发展报告》作者:中国科学院  ISBN:978-7-03-030274-8 

在全面建设小康社会、实现现代化的历史进程中,我国既面临着新科技革命和战略性新兴产业兴起的难得机遇,又面临着能源资源、生态环境、人口健康、拓展空天海洋、传统与非传统安全等挑战。能否面...... [更多]

四、加快国家创新体系建设,走中国特色科技创新道路

来自《2011科学发展报告》作者:中国科学院  ISBN:978-7-03-030274-8 

胡锦涛总书记多次强调,要加快提高自主创新能力,推进国家创新体系建设,坚定不移走中国特色自主创新道路。当前,中国特色国家创新体系建设已取得重要进展,我国科技创新能力显著提升。但应当清...... [更多]

化学 发现与创造的科学

来自《2011科学发展报告》作者:白春礼   BaiChunli  ISBN:978-7-03-030274-8 

Chemistry is the science of study on the structures,properties and conversion processes of material,it's more of a discipline that creates new substances and explores new appl...... [更多]

合成生物学 进展与展望

来自《2011科学发展报告》作者:赵学明   陈涛   ZhaoXueming   ChenTao  ISBN:978-7-03-030274-8 

Synthetic biology is a vibrant interdisciplinary science that combines elements of biology,engineering,chemistry,and computer science.Synthetic biology holds great promise to...... [更多]

2009.9~2010.8物理学、化学、生物学、医学前沿的热门课题

来自《2011科学发展报告》作者:黄矛   HuangMao  ISBN:978-7-03-030274-8 

Hot topics and leading-edge areas in physics,chemistry,biology and medicine from September 2008 to August 2009 were identified and concisely introduced based on the statistica...... [更多]

太阳活动和空间天气研究

来自《2011科学发展报告》作者:汪景琇   WangJingxiu  ISBN:978-7-03-030274-8 

In this report,we briefly summarized the progress and trend of the studies of solar activity and space weather in China.We emphasized on how the basic research has been transfo...... [更多]